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Table 1 Effect of Avemar or Echinacea treatment on circulating CD34+ cells at different time intervals from AMI development (n = 6/group)

From: Avemar and Echinacea extracts enhance mobilization and homing of CD34+ stem cells in rats with acute myocardial infarction

  Day 1 Day 7 Day 14
Normal 0.28 ± 0.023
AMI 0.28 ± 0.028 0.91 ± 0.068 1.59 ± 0.14a
AMI post-treated with Avemar 0.28 ± 0.028 0.78 ± 0.07 1.4 ± 0.08a
AMI pre- and post-treated with Avemar 3.65 ± 0.275ab 1.38 ± 0.095a 3.17 ± 0.196ab
AMI post-treated with Echinacea 0.28 ± 0.028 2.14 ± 0.09ab 5.1 ± 0.196ab
AMI pre- and post-treated with Echinacea 4.22 ± 0.35ab 1.34 ± 0.099a 3.65 ± 0.099ab
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard error. aSignificantly different from the normal group at P < 0.01. bSignificantly different from the corresponding AMI value at P < 0.01. AMI acute myocardial infarction