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Table 3 Effect of Avemar or Echinacea treatment on serum vascular endothelial growth factor level (pg/ml) at different time intervals from AMI development (n = 6/group)

From: Avemar and Echinacea extracts enhance mobilization and homing of CD34+ stem cells in rats with acute myocardial infarction

  Day 1 Day 7 Day 14
Normal 26.8 ± 2.1
AMI 53.4 ± 4.7 106.3 ± 10.8a 349.7 ± 33.5a
AMI post-treated with Avemar 53.4 ± 4.7 41.4 ± 4 114.9 ± 9.8ab
AMI pre- and post-treated with Avemar 121.3 ± 8.8a 124.3 ± 7.5a 116.9 ± 11.1ab
AMI post-treated with Echinacea 53.4 ± 4.7 122 ± 12.3a 104 ± 10.9ab
AMI pre- and post-treated with Echinacea 222.5 ± 23.6ab 163.9 ± 12.2a 137.5 ± 14.2ab
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard error. aSignificantly different from the normal group at P < 0.05. bSignificantly different from the corresponding AMI value at P < 0.05. AMI acute myocardial infarction