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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the individual patients

From: Pulp regeneration by transplantation of dental pulp stem cells in pulpitis: a pilot clinical study

Characteristic Patient 1 Patient 2 Patient 3 Patient 4 Patient 5
Age (years) 44 27 20 32 21
Gender Female Male Male Male Female
Affected tooth Upper right 2nd premolar Lower left first premolar Upper right first incisor Lower right 2nd premolar Upper left first incisor
Caries treatment at the first visit No treatment Cement filling with camphorated phenol application Crown tooth fracture No treatment Resin filling
Local clinical findings
 Cold/hot pain –/+
 Percussion pain +
 Tenderness –/+
 Electric pulp test + (30) + (29) + (30) + (19) + (15)
 Pulpitis Chronic ulcer Chronic ulcera Acute suppurative Chronic ulcer Chronic ulcer
Unnecessary tooth Upper right 3rd molar Upper right 3rd molar Upper right 3rd molar Upper left 3rd molar Upper left 3rd molar
Time between pulpectomy and transplantation 11 weeks 3 weeks 6 weeks 3 weeks 12 weeks
  1. a The positive reaction was detected by electric pulp test (EPT), indicating that the pulp tissue was alive on enrollment. The tooth was left with camphorated phenol application in the cavity for 3 months before root canal treatment, and the pulp tissue became completely necrosis with a periapical lesion at that time