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Fig. 3 | Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Fig. 3

From: Laser-modified titanium surfaces enhance the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

Fig. 3

Scanning electron microscopy micrographs of hUC-MSCs cultured after 24 h on Ti control (a) and laser-processed titanium (LPT) produced using laser radiation at 235 J/cm2 fluence (b, c); surfaces at × 3000, ×5000, and × 7000 magnification. CHO-k1 cells after 24 h of culture on Ti control (d) and LPT produced using laser radiation at 235 J/cm2 fluence (e, f). Surfaces at × 6000, ×5000, and × 40,000 magnification

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