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Table 2 Contact angles measured on laser-ablated and titanium control surfaces

From: Laser-modified titanium surfaces enhance the osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells

Surface 1st measurement 2nd measurement 3rd measurement Mean ± SD
Titanium control 68.5 65.2 54.8 62.83 ± 7.15
132 J/cm2 0 0 0 0
210 J/cm2 116.9 111.9 94.5 107.77 ± 11.76
235 J/cm2 0 0 0 0
  1. SD standard deviation