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Table 1 Differential potential of stem cells

From: The march of pluripotent stem cells in cardiovascular regenerative medicine

Differential potential Number of stem types Original stem cell Differentiated cells
Totipotential All Fertilized egg (zygote) All cell types
Pluripotential All except cells of the embryonic membranes Cultured embryonic stem cells (ESCs) Cells from all three germ layers
Multipotential Many Adult stem cells (bone marrow, cord blood, peripheral blood, heart, lung) Blood cells, cardiomyocytes, neural cells, hepatocytes, endothelial cells, myocytes
Oligopotential Few (2–4 cells) Myeloid precursor, mesenchymal stem cell, glial-restricted precursor Myeloid cells, stromal cells, osteocytes, chondrocytes, adipocytes
Unipotential 1 Mast cell precursor Mast cell
Nullipotentail None Terminally differentiated cell (e.g., red blood cell) No cell division