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Table 1 Summary of cell types in the CNS identified by single cell sequencing

From: Revealing cellular and molecular complexity of the central nervous system using single cell sequencing

Region in the CNS Cell number Major finding Reference
Mouse somatosensory and hippocampal CA1 3,005 7 pyramidal neuron, 16 interneuron, 6 oligodendrocyte subclasses [59]
Mouse primary visual
cortex
1,679 23 GABAergic interneuron and 19 glutamatergic neuron subtypes [60]
Mouse neocortex layer 1 58 Elongated neurogliaform and bouquet cell types [31]
Postmortem human brain 3,227 8 excitatory and 8 inhibitory neuronal subtypes [62]
Postmortem human brain 35,289 35 subpopulations of neuronal and non-neuronal cell types [63]
Mouse retina 44,808 20 amacrine and 8 bipolar cell types [9]
Mouse retina 25,000 15 types and 2 novel types of bipolar cells [65]
Mouse hypothalamus 3,131 32 glutamatergic neurons and 13
GABAergic neurons
[68]
Mouse hypothalamus 3,319 15 glutamatergic neurons and 18 GABAergic neurons [69]
Mouse olfactory 178 Immature olfactory sensory neurons express multiple olfactory receptor genes [71]
Mouse olfactory 78 Immature olfactory sensory neurons express low levels of multiple olfactory receptor genes [72]