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Fig. 6 | Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Fig. 6

From: The optimal time to inject bone mesenchymal stem cells for fracture healing in a murine model

Fig. 6

BMSCs increase osteoblast differentiation by increasing the level of the osteogenesis-related factors bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP2), TGF-β1, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at 42 days after fracture. a Representative western blot analysis of osteogenesis-related factors compared with AMD3100 and control treatment. bd Fold change in protein level of BMP2, TGF-β1, and VEGF. Normalization was to level of actin. *P < 0.05 vs AMD3100 or control group. The gels have been run under the same experimental conditions. Data are mean ± SD from three independent experiments

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