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Table 1 Detailed information about the differentiation of dental pulp stem cells

From: Recycle the dental fairy’s package: overview of dental pulp stem cells

  Cell type Time Differentiation strategy Detect methods References
Entoderm Liver cells 40 days Factors inducing In vitro [17]
[30]
Mesoderm Melanocytes 120 days Factors inducing In vitro [60]
Chondrogenic cells 3 weeks Factors inducing
Co-cultured with human costal chondrocytes
In vitro [58]
[77]
[9]
[72]
[76]
[57]
[43]
Myogenic cells 1 month Factors inducing In vitro [39]
Adipocytes 3 weeks Factors inducing In vitro [52]
[58]
[33]
[21]
[88]
[56]
Osteoblasts 3 months Factors inducing In vitro [39]
[17]
[61]
Osteocytes 3 weeks Factors inducing In vitro
In vivo
[58]
Ectoderm Odontogenic cells 4–8 weeks Subcutaneous implantation In vivo [58]
[20]
[66]
[24]
[11]
[74, 75]
Schwann and neural cells 15 days Factors inducing In vitro
In vivo
[20]
[17]
[58]