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Table 1 Phenotypes of individuals included in the study

From: Sex influences DNA methylation and gene expression in human skeletal muscle myoblasts and myotubes

Phenotype Women (n = 13) Men (n = 13) p value
Age (years) 53.5 ± 7.9 52.4 ± 5.3 0.69
BMI (kg/m2) 30.1 ± 6.8 28.8 ± 5.1 0.59
Weight (kg) 84.9 ± 24.3 96.9 ± 17.2 0.16
Waist-hip ratio (waist/hip) 0.85 ± 0.1 0.96 ± 0.07 5.1 × 10− 03
Hip circumference (cm) 111.9 ± 14.0 107.5 ± 8.4 0.34
Waist circumference (cm) 96.5 ± 22.1 103.5 ± 13.4 0.34
Android fat mass (kg) 3.2 ± 2.1 3.1 ± 1.6 0.94
Gynoid fat mass (kg) 6.8 ± 2.3 4.1 ± 1.4 1.8 × 10− 03
Whole body fat mass (kg) 35.3 ± 16.0 26.5 ± 10.8 0.12
Whole body fat-free mass (kg) 45.8 ± 8.7 66.5 ± 7.5 1.0 × 10− 06
Glucose 0 h (mmol/l) 4.7 ± 0.5 5.1 ± 0.5 0.06
Glucose 2 h (mmol/l) * 5.5 ± 1.5 5.3 ± 1.3 0.75
Insulin 0 h (pmol/l) * 48.8 ± 33.6 66.3 ± 36.1 0.22
Insulin 2 h (pmol/l) * 311.7 ± 176.8 373.4 ± 326.1 0.56
HOMA-IR* 1.5 ± 1.1 2.2 ± 1.3 0.17
HOMA-β* 111.1 ± 60.8 132.2 ± 92.3 0.50
P-cholesterol (total mmol/l) 5.2 ± 0.8 5.3 ± 1.0 0.90
P-cholesterol HDL (mmol/l) 1.7 ± 0.6 1.4 ± 0.4 0.11
P-cholesterol LDL (mmol/l) 3.0 ± 0.4 3.4 ± 0.9 0.17
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 127.4 ± 12.7 144.5 ± 12.8 2.2 × 10− 03
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 86.5 ± 10.7 90.6 ± 8.1 0.28
Heart rate (beats/min) 68.5 ± 8.8 57.3 ± 10.9 8.5 × 10− 03
VO2 max (l/min) 2.1 ± 0.7 2.9 ± 0.8 0.01
VO2 max per kg (ml/min/kg) 24.7 ± 8.7 30.5 ± 11.4 0.15
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD. p values were calculated using t-tests
  2. *Data from 12 men are available for these characteristics