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Table 2 Nanomaterial’s use in mesenchymal stem cells

From: A glance on the role of actin in osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells

Nanomaterial Differentiation potential  
Polymeric NMs Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)-bovine albumin serum (PLGA-BSA) Increase osteogenesis, decrease adipogenesis differentiation [124]
Ceramic NMs Hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (HAP NPs (20 nm)) Enhance osteogenic differentiation [125]
Carbon NMs SWCNTs Enhance adipogenic, osteogenic [126]
Carbon NMs Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets Enhance osteogenic differentiation [127]
Metal/metal oxide NMs Chitosan-gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) Enhance osteogenic differentiation [128]
Metal/metal oxide NMs BSA-AuNPs (70, 100 nm) Enhance osteogenic differentiation [129]
Metal/metal oxide NMs BSA-AuNPs (40 nm) Decrease osteogenic differentiation [129]
Metal/metal oxide NMs BSA-coated gold nanorods (70 nm) Enhance osteogenic differentiation [129]
Metal/metal oxide NMs Polyethylene glycol-gold nanoparticles PEG-AuNPs (4 nm) Decrease osteogenic differentiation [130]
Metal/metal oxide NMs Gold nanoparticles, carboxylic acid (AuNP–COOH) (17 nm) Decrease osteogenic differentiation [131]
Metal/metal oxide NMs Zincoxide (ZnO NPs) Enhance osteogenic differentiation [132]