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Table 1 Classifications of stem cells

From: Stem cells and exosomes: promising candidates for necrotizing enterocolitis therapy

Classification Stem cell types Definition Examples
Origin Embryonic Stem cells derived from the early stages of embryos /
Adult Stem cells identified throughout the body that divide to replenish dying cells and regenerate damaged tissues
Induced pluripotent Stem cells derived from adult cells by being reprogrammed to embryonic stem cell-like states
Differentiation potential Unipotent Stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into only one specific cell type Muscle satellite cells
Oligopotent Stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into only a few cell types Lymphoid stem cells
Multipotent Stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into multiple cell types Adult stem cells
Pluripotent Stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into nearly all cell types Embryonic stem cells
Totipotent Stem cells with the capacity to differentiate into all cell types and a functional organism Zygotes