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Table 1 Mesenchymal stem cell markers for cells derived from synovial membrane, cartilage, fat pad, bone marrow, and synovial fluid

From: Synovial fluid and synovial membrane mesenchymal stem cells: latest discoveries and therapeutic perspectives

Tissue Positive markers Negative markers References
Synovial membrane CD90, CD105, CD147, and CD44 CD34, CD45, CD117, and CD31 De Bari et al. [17] (2001), Sakaguchi et al. [29] (2005)
Cartilage CD49e, Notch1, CD90, and STRO-1 antigen   Williams et al. [27] (2010), Alsalameh et al. [30] (2004)
Fat pad CD13, CD29, CD44, CD90, and CD105 CD34, CD56, CD271, and STRO1 Khan et al. [31] (2012)
Bone marrow CD13, CD29, CD44, CD90, and CD105 CD34 and CD45 Barry and Murphy [32] (2013)
Synovial fluid CD40, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD 105, and CD 166 CD11b, CD34, CD45, and CD271 Boeuf and Richter [24] (2010), Krawetz et al. [26] (2012)