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Table 2 Effect of Avemar or Echinacea treatment on serum creatine kinase activity (IU/l) at different time intervals from AMI development (n = 6/group)

From: Avemar and Echinacea extracts enhance mobilization and homing of CD34+ stem cells in rats with acute myocardial infarction

  Day 1 Day 7 Day 14
Normal 329 ± 32
AMI 1875 ± 154a 409 ± 45 527 ± 55
AMI post-treated with Avemar 1875 ± 154a 235 ± 19 371 ± 33
AMI pre- and post-treated with Avemar 4566 ± 274ab 219 ± 10 935 ± 83
AMI post-treated with Echinacea 1875 ± 154a 273 ± 25 200 ± 25
AMI pre- and post-treated with Echinacea 4636 ± 144ab 216 ± 16 1922 ± 166ab
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard error. aSignificantly different from the normal group at P < 0.01. bSignificantly different from the corresponding AMI value at P < 0.01. AMI acute myocardial infarction