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Table 1 Types of stem cells in human exfoliated deciduous teeth

From: Stem cells: past, present, and future

SHED type Role in regenerative medicine References
Adipocytes Heart muscle regeneration, cardiovascular disease prevention, treatment of spine and orthopaedic conditions, congestive heart failure, Crohn’s disease [169,170,171]
Chondrocytes Cartilage growth, suitable for transplants [130, 172]
Osteoblasts Bone tissues suitable for transplant, teeth growth, craniofacial defects, bone regeneration [173, 174]
Mesenchymal Spinal cord injury repair, restoration of feeling and movement in paralyzed patients, treatment of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases [103, 105, 121, 170, 175]