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Table 2 Detailed information about the differentiation of DPSCs and the studies connected to them [176]

From: Stem cells: past, present, and future

  Cell type Time Differentiation strategy Detection methods References
Ectoderm Odontogenic cells 4–8 weeks Subcutaneous implantation In vivo [177,178,179,180,181]
Schwann and neural cells 15 days Factor-inducing In vitro [182]
Mesoderm Osteocytes 3 weeks Factor-inducing In vitro [183]
Osteoblasts 3 months Factor-inducing In vitro [184,185,186]
Adipocytes 3 weeks Factor-inducing In vitro [187,188,189]
Myogenic cells 1 month Factor-inducing In vitro [190]
Chondrogenic cells 3 weeks Factor-inducing co-cultured with human costal chondrocytes In vitro [191,192,193,194,195,196]
Melanocytes 120 days Factor-inducing In vitro [197]
Entoderm Liver cells 40 days Factor-inducing In vitro [198, 199]