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Fig. 3 | Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Fig. 3

From: Combining regenerative medicine strategies to provide durable reconstructive options: auricular cartilage tissue engineering

Fig. 3

Three-dimensional-printed complex anatomical structures based on polycaprolactone (PCL) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) support. ac Vascular tree. df Right ear. gi DNA helix. a, d, g Computer-aided designs showing permanent (red) and sacrificial (grey) components. b, e, h Printed structures showing PCL (bright white) and PVA (off-white). d, f, i PCL scaffold after sacrificing PVA support. Reproduced with permission from Visser et al. [131] and Institute of Physics Publishing

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