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Retraction Note: GDF11 enhances therapeutic functions of mesenchymal stem cells for angiogenesis

The Original Article was published on 12 August 2021

Stem Cell Res Ther (2021) 12:456

The authors have retracted this article. After publication, the authors noticed image duplication errors in Figs. 2A, 5K, 6B, S3E and S10B, some of which also overlapped with the authors' earlier article [1]. Additionally, a wrong western blot image was used for Bcl-2 in Fig. S6G, and the flow cytometry plots in Fig. S7B were gated incorrectly. Due to the extent of these errors, the authors no longer have confidence in the presented data.

All authors agree to this retraction.


  1. Zhang C, Lin Y, Liu Q, He J, Xiang P, Wang D, et al. Growth differentiation factor 11 promotes differentiation of MSCs into endothelial-like cells for angiogenesis. J Cell Mol Med. 2020;24(15):8703–17.

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Correspondence to Hong Yu.

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Zhang, C., Lin, Y., Zhang, K. et al. Retraction Note: GDF11 enhances therapeutic functions of mesenchymal stem cells for angiogenesis. Stem Cell Res Ther 14, 13 (2023).

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